FREDERICK I° (1826–1907), grand duke of Baden, son-in-law of Kaiser William I, and uncle by marriage of Kaiser William II. Frederick ruled Baden from 1852 until his death and carried out many reforms in the school and voting system   based on liberal ideas and was the first and almost the only influential political figure to help herzl wholeheartedly. When he learned of Herzl and Der Judenstaat from his sons' tutor, the Reverend william hechler , he followed Herzl's progress with deep sympathy. It was he who arranged the meeting between the German kaiser and Herzl when the former visited Ereẓ Israel in 1898, and he sent enthusiastic memoranda on political Zionism to the Russian czar. His efforts to arrange meetings between Herzl, the czar, and the king of England were unsuccessful, but the czar sent him a letter in support of political Zionism. Frederick received Herzl several times and they conducted an extremely friendly correspondence. The grand duke's picture, which he sent to Herzl, adorned the latter's study (and can be seen in the reconstruction of this room at the Herzl Museum, Jerusalem). After failures and disappointments in the diplomatic sphere, Herzl was greatly encouraged by his personal contacts with Frederick. The Zionist Organization sent a delegation (including david wolfsohn and nahum sokolow ) to Frederick's funeral in Karlsruhe. The grand duke's correspondence with Herzl, the kaiser, the czar, and others in German, English, and French was found in 1959 by H. and B. Ellern, who published a facsimile edition in 1961. Later all the letters were published in the Herzl Year Book, 4 (1961–62), 207–70 by H. Zohn, together with an English translation of the letters in German and French. -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: L. Schwarzmaier, "Grossherzog Friedrich I. und der Antisemitismus in Baden," in: F.-J. Ziwes, Badische Synagogen aus der Zeit Friedrich I. in zeitgenössischen Photographien (1997), 25–32; H.-G. Zier, "Theodor Herzl und Großherzog Friedrich I. von Baden – Zwei Streiter fuer den Judenstaat," in: Juden in Baden 1809–1984 (1984), 109–30; W.P. Fuchs, Grossherzog Friedrich I. von Baden und die Reichspolitik 1871–1907, vol. 1–4 (1968–80); idem, Studien zu friedirch I. von Baden (1995). (Getzel Kressel / Bjoern Siegel (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Frederick I —     Frederick I (Barbarossa)     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Frederick I (Barbarossa)     German King and Roman Emperor, son of Frederick of Swabia (d. 1147) and Judith, daughter of Henry the Black; born c. 1123; died 10 June, 1190. Connected… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Frederick II — • German King and Roman Emperor, son of Henry VI and Constance of Sicily; born 26 Dec., 1194; died at Fiorentina, in Apulia, 13 Dec., 1250 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Frederick II     Frederick II …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Frederick — bezeichnet: Frederick (Vorname), einen Vornamen Frederick (Colorado), eine Stadt im US Bundesstaat Colorado Frederick (Maryland), eine Stadt im US Bundesstaat Maryland Frederick County (Maryland), County der gleichnamigen Stadt im US Bundesstaat… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederick I — may refer to:*Frederick I, Archbishop of Cologne (c. 1075 1171) * Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor (1122 1190); Frederick Barbarossa * Frederick I of Austria (Babenberg) (c.1175 1198) * Frederick I of Austria (Habsburg) (1286 1330); Frederick the… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick — Frederick, CO U.S. town in Colorado Population (2000): 2467 Housing Units (2000): 896 Land area (2000): 8.613439 sq. miles (22.308703 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.091186 sq. miles (0.236170 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.704625 sq. miles (22.544873 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Frederick II — may refer to: * Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194 ndash;1250, king 1211/12 ndash;1250, emperor since 1220) * Frederick II of Austria (? ndash;1246, duke of Austria 1230 ndash;1246) * Frederick III of Sicily (1272 ndash;1337), also called… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick — Frederick1 [fred′rik, fred′ər ik] n. [Fr Frédéric < Ger Friedrich < OHG Fridurih < Gmc * frithu , peace (< fri , to love, protect + thu , substantive particle) + * rik , king, ruler (akin to L rex, Ger reich): see RIGHT] a masculine… …   English World dictionary

  • Frederick V — or Friedrich V may refer to: *Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg Ansbach (1460 1536), or Friedrich V, Margrave von Brandenburg Ansbach Bayreuth *Frederick V, Elector Palatine (1596 1632), or Friedrich V von der Pfalz *Frederick V of Denmark… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick IV — may refer to:*Frederick IV of Austria (1382 1439) *Frederick IV of Denmark (1671 1730) *Frederick IV, Elector Palatine (1574 1610) *Frederick IV of Holstein Gottorp *Frederick IV of Sicily *Frederick IV of Naples …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick — hace referencia a: Frederick Delius, compositor inglés; Frederick Forsyth, escritor británico; Frederick Gowland Hopkins, bioquímico británico, premio Nobel de Medicina en 1929; Frederick Grant Banting, médico canadiense, premio Nobel de Medicina …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”